Sunday, August 16, 2015

The Mouse Test

Since many of my camera trapping projects are focused on small mammals (pun intended), whenever I build a new hack, one of the first tests I put it through is the "Mouse Test."

I.e., if I set it 24 inches away from a rodent burrow, about 12-14 inches off the ground, and sprinkle a handful of seeds at sundown, how does it perform?

Is it sensitive enough to reasonably capture the ensuing "clean up" without running frantically all night, triggering at every small twitch? Or, is it not sensitive enough and missing the activity?

How are the exposure and flash? Is it blowing out the scene because of the short distance?

What about sharpness, focal depth and color/white balance?

Below are the recent results of just such a test. The new cam trap combines a Sony Cyber-shot DSC-W220 point-and-shoot digital camera with a SnapShot Sniper controller card.

The Sony W220 is 12 mega pixels, has a nice, wide 28mm lens, auto-focuses down to 1.2 inches, and has an adjustable flash and programmable settings, such as exposure value (EV), ISO, and white balance. All highly valuable features for small mammal photography.

The SnapShot Sniper is a versatile cam trap controller card that also has a good range of programmable settings, including a sensitivity adjustment for the embedded motion sensor.

And the combo seems to be working well. During the Mouse Test it captured 96 photos in a bit over 5 hours (~ 9pm to 2am), with no obvious false triggers.

So now let's look at the pics.

3 different deer mice worked the scene - one brown, one rufous, and one gray with more white on its sides. Tail, ear, body and foot proportions suggest all are Peromyscus maniculatus.

deer mouse 1
Deer mouse #1 to the scene, including ground beetle entourage

deer mouse 2
Deer mouse #2 - more rufous

deer mouse 3
Deer mouse #3 - grayer with much more belly white up the sides

Another "mouse" also joined the foraging fun - a Dark Kangaroo Mouse, Microdipodops megacephalus. As I've written before, it's a Great Basin species that barely ranges into California. At least I think it's megacephalus, and not Microdipodops pallidus, the Pale K-mouse. Hard to be 100% without trapping them to take measurements and look at their hair and teeth.

kangaroo mouse
Kangaroo mouse, a mouse-size relative of the kangaroo rats

kangaroo mouse

kangaroo mouse

A kangaroo rat, the much larger relative of the kangaroo mouse, also worked the seed scene. In this case I think it's Ord's Kangaroo Rat, Dipodomys ordii. It seems to be the standard species on the sandy sage steppe flats in the Mono area.

Note - for size comparisons, the above 6 and following 2 photos are all the same crop.

kangaroo rat
A kangaroo rat, likely Ord's k-rat - as sweet as any gerbil or hamster

kangaroo rat
Now that's a tail built for balance!

And finally, here are 3 detail crops of the above.

deer mouse 3 crop
Detail crop of deer mouse

kangaroo mouse crop
Detail crop of kangaroo mouse

kangaroo rat crop
Detail crop of much larger kangaroo rat

Not bad at all. A bit overexposed when within 12 inches, but I should be able to handle that by dropping the exposure value by -1/3 or -2/3. Fixing the ISO to 80 or 100 might help, too.

I'd say it passes the Mouse Test. What do you all think?

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